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Table of Contents

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………..1

Opposing side……………………………………………………………………………………2

Supporting Research……………………………………………………………………………..3

Personal Stake……………………………………………………………………………………5

Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………5

Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………………..7

 

 

 

 

Climate Change: Stakeholders, Causes, Effects and Probable Solutions

Introduction

Nations in different parts of the world today are facing challenges and issues to do with climate change. The situation has highly worsened in the recent decades that countries are always on the run trying to develop solutions that will aid in the combating of climate change. Research and studies conducted by scientists define climate change as the increase in the temperatures of the earth surface that are beyond the standard rates. Therefore, with the changes and the alterations in temperature, climate change causes effects and impacts not only to the environment but also to the human beings ( Woodward, John).  Research points to the increase in human activities to be among the factors that are highly contributing to the rise and increase in climate change conditions in the world today. Examples of the human activities that cause climate change include deforestation that usually occurs when people are looking for large pieces of land for settlement and agricultural practices. Moreover, burning of charcoal and firewood are identified as anthropogenic activities that cause climate change. In the end, there are impacts that result due to the over increase of the temperatures in the atmosphere. These effects are the growth in sea levels that results from the melting of the ice caps and in the overall result of flooding (UNFCCC). Furthermore, the rise in temperatures will lead to the development of skin diseases on the body of human beings and lastly, the high temperatures act as a breeding environment for pathogens that cause diseases in humans, animals, and plants. Climate change, therefore, causes more harm and impacts on the environment and the organisms in the environment.

Opposing side

Some scientists are skeptical and always opposing the idea of climate change with some terming the issue as a myth that should not receive the attention that it does.  According to the opinion of the opposing scientists, they believe that the climate change being experienced in different and many parts of the world today are as a result of nature. Furthermore, they share the school of thought that nature has a way of balancing the environmental scenarios thereby in the future, the impacts of climate change will not be as detrimental as other scientists attempt to predict.

Analyzing the thoughts of the opposing experts on climate change, the individuals hold on to the belief that nature is the overwhelming framework when it comes to climate change. In the essence, they believe that the changes that are being referred to as climate change are normal changes that are often occurring in the earth system (Adger, Neil). They are regular earth system cycles according to the opposing members opinions. The opposite side has an impact on the overall theme of climate change. One of the impacts is that it diverts the attention of nations towards the attempt of combating climate change making the institutions reluctant when it comes to the fight against climate change. Consequently, the opposing side holds the fact that the implementation of the Kyoto protocol will have a detrimental effect on the economy of the nations and thus cause a slow growth in the economic sector. The reason, in this case, is the fact that nature changes in different forms and with each change, there will have to be additional sections in the Kyoto protocol that will require extensive financial background for implementation. Hence, according to their opinions, this will cause challenges in the economic sector.

Supporting Research

Climate change is a detrimental issue and global concern. Th effects that it causes to the environment and the organisms in the environment help the fact that it is a menace that requires proper solutions to mitigate further impacts. Consider the causes of climate change that are highly anthropogenic. First, in many countries, human beings are living below the poverty index line which translates to the fact that they will always depend on the natural resources for survival. For example, the human beings will depend on the burning of charcoals and firewood for domestic and also commercial purposes.  There will be thus a release of carbon in the atmosphere which is a greenhouse gas that will cause a rise in atmospheric temperatures. Other anthropogenic activities include the use of pesticides in agricultural that accumulate in the atmosphere absorbing heat rays from the sun causing an increase in temperatures.

The effects of climate change are often on the rise with an increase in anthropogenic activities directly translating to the fact that it should be highly controlled. Climate change causes an increase in the sea level that will in turn cause flooding to the nearby areas. Flooding is destructive as it destroys property, kills the vegetation in the surrounding environments and also causes death to human beings (Hardy, John). The rise in temperatures causes the melting of the ice caps that will increase surface run offs to oceans, rivers, and lakes. Furthermore, another impact of the climate change is the fact that it causes the destruction of the ozone layer causing a puncture on the ozone layer. The destruction of the ozone layer causes the direct penetration of the ultraviolet rays from the sun that causes skin cancer and skin diseases on the human body. The conditions might result in the death of people.

It is also interesting to note that various stakeholders in the environment makes it vital to concentrate on the issue of climate change. The speakers include human beings who directly depend on the environment. The people depend on air for breathing, productive land for cultivation and also clean water for drinking which are all found in the environment. Therefore, having a healthy environment will ensure that the human beings have a healthy functioning body system. Another stakeholder in the environment includes the government which has the mandate to make sure that there is a clean and healthy environment for the citizen’s survival. The Non-governmental institutions, as well as environmental organizations, are stakeholders in the environment and thus, have an interest when it comes to the climate change matter. In the essence, the availability of numerous stakeholders makes the issue a real challenge that needs quick solutions and address (Schmidt, Gavin).

 

Personal stake

Climate change is a real problem that is affecting the world today. Therefore, I share the school of thought that human beings are the major contributors to the issues of climate change that are being witnessed in the world today. The increase in human population has a direct impact on the destruction of the environment with a record increase in the release of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere. Therefore, my opinions concur with the scientists who hold onto the fact that anthropogenic activities are the primary causative agents of climate change (Leonard, David and Brash, Kate). Furthermore, the impacts that climate change are detrimental to the environment and the living organisms in the environment that suggest immediate action should be instantly taken. For example, they are dependent on charcoal and firewood as a source of energy not only has impacts to the environment but also causes problems to the families depending on the idea. The carbon that is released into the environment through such mechanisms is always inhaled by the family using the charcoal and firewood which causes respiratory diseases to the human beings. Therefore, climate change is profoundly harmful and needs to have solutions in the anthropogenic sector such as the development of alternative energy sources to mitigate the impacts.

 

 

Conclusion

From the discussions above, it is evident that climate change is detrimental and causes harmful effects on the environment and the living organisms. The effects of climate change include reasons for a rise in sea water levels that results in flooding which in turn destroys the property, the vegetation in the area and also causes death to human beings and aquatic species. Another impact is the destruction of the ozone layer making the ultraviolet rays from the sun penetrate directly into the earth causing skin cancer and diseases to human beings. The conditions are harmful as they have the potential to cause the death of human beings. Consequently, climate change causes hunger as the areas which were once productive in farming are usually converted to deserts which cannot support agriculture. On the other hand, human beings activities have a high percentage of contribution to climate change. It is thus necessary and important for the stakeholders to identify and develop strategies and mechanisms that will help in the curbing of climate change as well as mitigation of the effects. The overall result will be to make the environment safe for living organisms and human beings survival.

 

 

Works Cited

Adger, Neil. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. 2006. MIT Press. Accessed from:             https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/fairness-adaptation-climate-change

Hardy, John.. Climate Change. Causes, Effects and Solutions. 2012. John Wiley & Sons. Accessed from: http://www.bluekangaroo.com/product/56697566/climate-change-causes-   effects-and-solutions-john-hardy-9780470850190-0470850191?th

Leonard, David and Brash, Kate. Climate Change: A Reference Handbook. 2009. ABC-CLIO.               Accessed from: http://www.worldcat.org/title/climate-change-a-reference-  handbook/oclc/259716040

Schmidt, Gavin.  Climate Change: Picturing the Science. 2009. W.W. Norton. Accessed from:             https://books.google.co.ke/books/about/Climate_Change.html?id=wv3DNJ4YI7YC&redi r_esc=y

UNFCCC. Climate change: Impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptations in developing             countries. Germany: 2007.The UNFCCC Secretariat. Accessed from:       www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg2

Woodward, John . Climate Change. 2011. Dorling Kindersley. Accessed from:             http://www.worldcat.org/title/climate-change/oclc/743051918